The United Nations voted unanimously to remove Iraq from Chapter VII
28/06/2013 11:48 AM
Maliki: Iraq removed the biggest obstacle to the restoration of its role in the region and the world
UN Security Council voted unanimously on Thursday, the decision to remove Iraq from Chapter VII and entered in the sixth, ending the measures provided for in certain paragraphs of the international resolutions, including 686 and 687 and adopted by the Council in 1991 after Iraq's invasion of Kuwait. Urges Chapter VI states Members to resolve any conflicts by peaceful means, rather than Chapter VII. represent step support politically important for Baghdad, which is struggling to regain its international status after the success of the invasion of Iraq led by the United States in 2003 to overthrow Saddam. noted the decision of the Council to the "importance of the restoration of Iraq's international status equivalent to he enjoyed before 1990, "the Gulf War that the United States led an international coalition to expel Iraq from Kuwait in 1991.
He said Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari said after the vote "This is a new beginning for relations between our two neighboring countries," adding, "It is an example for other countries to solve their disputes and differences through peaceful means."
For his part, welcomed Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to Security Council resolution for Iraq would emerge from Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, which describes the Iraqi government as a "foreign represents the last obstacle in front of him to regain full sovereignty."
Maliki said in a speech on the occasion of the Security Council resolution, "I congratulate all the Iraqi people in this historic day which saw the withdrawal of Iraq from the international sanctions of the provisions of Chapter VII."
Maliki said that "Iraq has removed the biggest obstacle to the restoration of its role in the region and the world."
Maliki stressed in his speech that Iraq would put all its potential "in order to encourage moderation in the region and cooperation with all peoples, because the enormous political tension in the region can not escape it further escalation because it will put us in the circle of chaos and instability case."
Diplomats say the only issues related to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, which is still under Chapter VII is an arms embargo and Baghdad paid $ 52 billion dollars in compensation to Kuwait.
Iraq is still owed eleven billion dollars predicted by Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari to come out of the country from the provisions of Chapter VII permanently after payment of full compensation remaining to Kuwait by the year 2015, stressing that Iraq is committed to Order has been paid about 41 billion approximately, remains about $ 11 billion , noting that Iraq was able to cancel the majority of decisions issued against him and has become a freedom of movement and disposition of funds and transactions and Iraq returned to its natural state.
Iraq pays 5 percent of the total oil revenues to Kuwait under the compensation established by the United Nations for the damage to Kuwait due to the Iraqi invasion of August 1990 to February 1991.
Diplomats say that there are still a range of issues related to Chapter VII imposed on Baghdad after the overthrow of Saddam in 2003, including a freeze and recover assets due to the reign of that system.
The Secretary-General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moon, the Security Council recommended subjecting only humanitarian contentious issue remaining between Iraq and Kuwait to Item VI of the UN Charter, instead of the seventh item.
He also called for the United Nations Mission in Iraq to assume responsibility for facilitating the process of searching for missing persons or their remains, archives and missing Kuwaiti property.
Kuwait had opposed for years to remove Iraq from Chapter VII because of differences over borders and Disappeared Persons, property and other issues, but most of these issues and found their way to the solution recently.
Moon said in a report to the Security Council "has shown the Iraqi and Kuwaiti governments a great deal of responsibility and respect for the interests of the other party and so Ptouselhma to the arrangements acceptable and mutually beneficial."
Chapter VII allows the Security Council to leave punitive measures ranging from economic sanctions to military intervention if the State concerned did not respond to the demands of the Council.
The Council is a step that whatever political support for Baghdad, which is struggling to regain its international status, after more than two decades to start Ai hindsight under Chapter VII economic sanctions that resulted from it.
And across hundreds of Iraqi citizens cheer the exit of Iraq from Chapter VII and celebrated in the capital Baghdad and other Iraqi cities in the processions of cars, at the time, which was launched fireworks to mark the occasion.